Global Open Journals Guidelines for Authors

  1. Criteria for Publication
  2. Overview of the Editorial Process
  3. Presubmission Inquiries
  4. Preparation of Research Manuscripts
  5. Overview of the Production Process
  6. Post-Publication Process

1. Criteria for Publication

To be accepted for publication in Global Open Journals , research articles must satisfy the following criteria:

  1. The study presents the results of primary scientific research.
  2. Results reported have not been published elsewhere.
  3. Experiments, statistics, and other analyses are performed to a high technical standard and are described in sufficient detail.
  4. Conclusions are presented in an appropriate fashion and are supported by the data.
  5. The article is presented in an intelligible fashion and is written in standard English.
  6. The research meets all applicable standards for the ethics of experimentation and research integrity.
  7. The article adheres to appropriate reporting guidelines and community standards for data availability.

The  GOJ board of Academic Editors, and any invited external peer reviewers, will evaluate submissions against these criteria.

2. Overview of the Editorial Process

Global Open Journals provides all authors with an efficient and 'hassle-free' editorial process. Our aim is to identify those submissions that warrant inclusion in the scientific record and present them to the scientific community with as few hurdles as possible.

The editorial process is run by the journal's extensive board of Academic Editors (AEs), who work together to orchestrate the peer-review process. AEs are invited to handle submitted manuscripts on the basis of the content of the manuscript and their own expertise. The AE evaluates the paper and decides whether it describes a body of work that meets the editorial criteria of Global Open Journals. AEs can employ a variety of methods, alone or in combination, to reach a decision in which they are confident:

After appropriate consideration by the AE, a decision letter to the author is drafted. This letter may also be circulated to other members of the editorial board, who are given a short time to comment on the editorial decision.

There are several types of decisions possible:

Acceptance and Publication

Upon editorial acceptance, the manuscript is checked by Global Open Journals staff to ensure that it is in a form that will allow it to be efficiently handled by our production system. The authors will be queried and allowed to make any final minor revisions that are needed.

This is the final stage at which an author will see their manuscript before publication. The authors' files will then be carefully tagged to generate final XML and PDF files, but will they not be subject to detailed copyediting. It is therefore essential that authors provide a thoroughly proofread and checked manuscript, following the manuscript checklist and any comments from Global Open Journals staff.


If a paper is rejected and authors feel that they have grounds to appeal the decision, they may submit an appeal. Appeal requests should be made in writing, not by telephone, and should be addressed to editor [at] with the word "appeal" in the subject line. Authors should provide detailed reasons for the appeal and point-by-point responses to the reviewers' and/or Academic Editor's comments. Decisions on appeals are final without exception. Authors should also be aware that priority is given to new submissions to the journal and so the processing of the appeal may well take longer than the processing of the original submission.

3. Presubmission Inquiries

Global Open Journals does not consider presubmission inquiries. Such inquiries essentially request that the editors of a journal assess whether the paper is of potential interest to that journal by virtue of its subject area, novelty, or anticipated impact. In general, such subjective opinion would have little bearing on whether a paper should be published in Global Open Journals. First of all, all subject areas are of interest to Global Open Journals, and furthermore, to judge whether a study has been sufficiently well performed and well documented to permit publication in Global Open Journals requires submission of the full paper.

4. Preparation of Research Manuscripts

Global Open Journals considers manuscripts of any length; we encourage the submission of both substantial full-length bodies of work and shorter manuscripts.There are no explicit word, figure, or supporting information restrictions, although we encourage a concise and accessible writing style. Editors may make suggestions for how to achieve this, as well as suggestions for cuts or additions that could be made to the article to strengthen the arguments made. Authors are encouraged to use their own voice and to decide how best to present their ideas, results, and conclusions.

Although we encourage submissions from around the globe, we require that manuscripts be submitted in English. As a step toward overcoming language barriers, we encourage authors fluent in other languages to provide copies of their full articles or abstracts in other languages; these will be made available along with the published paper. Translations should be submitted as supporting information.

Cover Letter

It is important that you include a cover letter with your manuscript. Please explain why this manuscript is suitable for publication in Global Open Journals. How does your paper provide a worthwhile addition to the scientific literature? How does your paper relate to previously published work? Which types of scientists do you believe will be most interested in your study?

Electronic Formats

Our publication system supports a limited range of formats for text and graphics. Text files can be submitted in only the following formats: Word, LaTeX, and RTF. Graphics files can only be submitted in the following formats: JPG or TIFF.

If you experience difficulties with the manuscript submission Web site or are concerned about the suitability of your files, please contact the journal (editor [at]

Prior Publication

When submitting their article, all authors are asked to indicate that they have not submitted a related or duplicate manuscript for publication elsewhere. If similar or related work has been submitted elsewhere, then a copy must be included with the article submitted to Global Open Journals. Reviewers will be asked to comment on the overlap between related submissions.

Financial Disclosure

This section should describe sources of funding that have supported the work. Please include relevant grant numbers and the URL of any funder's Web site. Please also include this sentence: "The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript." If this statement is not correct, you must describe the role of any sponsors or funders, and amend the aforementioned sentence as needed.


Please keep abbreviations to a minimum and define them upon first use in the text. Non-standard abbreviations should not be used unless they appear at least three times in the text.


For the article to be accepted for publication, the author will need to supply high-resolution versions of the figures. When preparing your figures, please ensure that the files conform to our Guidelines for Figure and Table Preparation. Please do not upload panels for a single figure separately (for example, Figure 1A, Figure 1B-1D, Figure 1E); each figure file should be a single montage of all panels.

Please note that Global Open Journals can only accept figures submitted as either TIFF or JPG files.

Global Open Journals does not accept vector EPS figures generated using LaTeX. We only accept LaTeX generated figures in TIFF format. Export your LaTeX files as PDFs, and then open them in GIMP or Photoshop and save as TIFF. In general, Figures must be generated in a standalone graphics application such as Adobe Illustrator, InkScape, PyMol, MatLab, SAS, etc. Please see our Figure Guidelines for more information.

All figures will be published under a Creative Commons Attribution License, which allows them to be freely used, distributed, and built upon as long as proper attribution is given. Please do not submit any figures that have been previously copyrighted unless you have express written permission from the copyright holder to publish under the CCAL license.

Microsoft Word Files

Microsoft Word article files should be submitted in DOC or RTF format. For technical reasons Global Open Journals cannot accept Word 2007 DOCX files. If you created your manuscript using Word 2007, you must save the document as a Word 2003 file before submission.

Math Equations and Word 2007

If you are using Word 2007 and your manuscript will contain equations, you must follow the instructions below to make sure that your equations will be editable when you save the file as a Word 2003 document. Global Open Journals cannot accept articles containing equations that are not editable in Word 2003.

You can ensure that your equations remain editable in Word 2003 by enabling "Compatibility Mode" before you begin. To do this:

  1. Open a new document.
  2. Save as "Word 97-2003 Document (*.doc)."

Several features of Word 2007 will now be inactive, including the built-in equation editing tool. You can now insert equations in one of two ways:

  1. Go to Insert > Object > Microsoft Equation 3.0 and create the equation.
  2. Use MathType to create the equation. MathType is the recommended method for creating equations.

If, when saving your final document, you see a message saying "Equations will be converted to images". This means that your equations are no longer editable and Global Open Journals will be unable to accept your file.

NOTE: If you have already composed your article in Word 2007 and used its built-in equation editing tool, your equations will become images when the file is saved down to Word 97-2003. You will need to edit your document and insert the equations using one of the two ways specified above.

Organization of the Manuscript

Most articles published in Global Open Journals are organized in one of four fashions:

We advise that abstracts should not exceed 250–300 words. There are no specific length restrictions for the remaining sections of the manuscript; however, we urge authors to present and discuss their findings concisely.

You should include continuous line numbering throughout your manuscript.



Title (150 characters or fewer)

The title should be specific to the project, yet concise. It should be comprehensible to readers outside your field. Avoid specialist abbreviations, if possible. Titles should be presented in title case, meaning that all words except for prepositions, articles, and conjunctions should be capitalized. Where appropriate authors should ensure the title contains information about the species or model system in which a study has been done (for biological papers) or type of study design (for clinical papers).During the online submission process, you will also provide a "short title" of 50 characters or fewer.

Authors and Affiliations

Provide the first names or initials (if used), middle names or initials (if used), surnames, and affiliations—department, university or organization, city, state/province (if applicable), and country—for all authors. One of the authors should be designated as the corresponding author. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to ensure that the author list, and the summary of the author contributions to the study are accurate and complete. If the article has been submitted on behalf of a consortium, all author names and affiliations should be listed at the end of the article.


The abstract succinctly introduces the paper and should not exceed 300 words. It should mention the techniques used without going into methodological detail and should summarize the most important results. Please do not include any citations in the abstract. Avoid specialist abbreviations if possible.


The introduction should put the focus of the manuscript into a broader context. As you compose the introduction, think of readers who are not experts in this field. Include a brief review of the key literature. If there are relevant controversies or disagreements in the field, they should be mentioned so that a non-expert reader can delve into these issues further. The introduction should conclude with a brief statement of the overall aim of the experiments and a comment about whether that aim was achieved.


The results section should provide details of all of the experiments that are required to support the conclusions of the paper. There is no specific word limit for this section. The section may be divided into subsections, each with a concise subheading. Large datasets, including raw data, should be submitted as supporting information files; these are published online alongside the accepted article. We advise that the results section be written in past tense.


The discussion should spell out the major conclusions of the work along with some explanation or speculation on the significance of these conclusions. How do the conclusions affect the existing assumptions and models in the field? How can future research build on these observations? What are the key experiments that must be done? The discussion should be concise and tightly argued. Conclusions firmly established by the presented data, hypotheses supported by the presented data, and speculations suggested by the presented data should be clearly identified as such. The results and discussion may be combined into one section, if desired.

Materials and Methods

This section should provide enough detail to allow full replication of the study by suitably skilled investigators. Protocols for new methods should be included, but well-established protocols may simply be referenced. We encourage authors to submit, as separate supporting information files, detailed protocols for newer or less well-established methods. These are published online only, but are linked to the article and are fully searchable.


People who contributed to the work but do not fit the criteria for authors should be listed in the Acknowledgments, along with their contributions. You must also ensure that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to being so named.

Details of the funding sources that have supported the work should be confined to the funding statement provided in the online submission system. Do not include them in the acknowledgments.


Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list. Meetings abstracts, conference talks, or papers that have been submitted but not yet accepted should not be cited. Limited citation of unpublished work should be included in the body of the text only. All personal communications should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors.

Global Open Journals uses the numbered citation (citation-sequence) method. References are listed and numbered in the order that they appear in the text. In the text, citations should be indicated by the reference number in brackets. Multiple citations within a single set of brackets should be separated by commas. Where there are three or more sequential citations, they should be given as a range. Example: "... has been shown previously [1,4-6,22]." Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order before ordering the citations.

Because all references will be linked electronically as much as possible to the papers they cite, proper formatting of the references is crucial. Please use the following style for the reference list:

Published Papers
1. Sanger F, Nicklen S, Coulson AR (1977) DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 74: 5463-5467.

Please list the first five authors and then add "et al." if there are additional authors. Use of a DOI number to the full-text article is acceptable as an alternative to or in addition to traditional volume and page numbers.

Accepted Papers
Same as above, but "in press" appears instead of the page numbers. Example: Adv Clin Path. In press.

Electronic Journal Articles 1. Loker WM (1996) "Campesinos" and the crisis of modernization in Latin America. Jour Pol Ecol 3. Available: Accessed 2006 Aug 11.

1. Bates B (1992) Bargaining for life: A social history of tuberculosis. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 435 p.

Book Chapters
1. Hansen B (1991) New York City epidemics and history for the public. In: Harden VA, Risse GB, editors. AIDS and the historian. Bethesda: National Institute of Health. pp. 21-28.

Figure Legends

The aim of the figure legend should be to describe the key messages of the figure, but the figure should also be discussed in the text. An enlarged version of the figure and its full legend will often be viewed in a separate window online, and it should be possible for a reader to understand the figure without switching back and forth between this window and the relevant parts of the text. Each legend should have a concise title of no more than 15 words. The legend itself should be succinct, while still explaining all symbols and abbreviations. Avoid lengthy descriptions of methods.


Tables should be included in the text file, at the very end of the manuscript. All tables should have a concise title. Footnotes can be used to explain abbreviations. Citations should be indicated using the same style as outlined above. Tables occupying more than one printed page should be avoided, if possible. Larger tables can be published as online supporting information.

5. Overview of the Production Process

Prior to submission, authors who believe their manuscripts would benefit from professional editing are encouraged to use language-editing and copyediting services.. Before formal acceptance, the manuscript will be checked by Global Open Journals staff to ensure that it complies with all essential format requirements. The authors' files are then carefully tagged to generate XML and PDF files, but will not be subject to detailed copyediting. Obtaining this service is the responsibility of the author.

Once an article has been accepted for publication, the manuscript files are transferred into our production system and will be published in PDF and HTML formats, with an XML download option. Articles will also be archived in PubMed Central.

6. Post-Publication Process

Once your article is published, readers of the article are able to annotate parts of the text (via 'notes'), comment on the overall content (via 'comments') or rate the article (via a 5 star rating system covering 'insight', 'reliability', 'style' and 'overall'). By using these feedback tools, the paper gathers 'post publication' commentary that improves the scientific debate around the content.

As part of this process, upon publication Global Open Journals routinely posts the referees' reports as comments accompanying the online version of papers. When submitting their reviews, the referees are asked for permission for their comments to be posted. Referees are encouraged to sign these reports but may maintain their anonymity if they wish. By posting the referees comments, with their permission, Global Open Journals hopes to make the review process more transparent as well as stimulating informed debate of the published papers.